“Your Skin is the fingerprint of what is going on inside your body, and all skin conditions, from psoriasis to acne to aging, are the manifestations of your body’s internal needs, including its nutritional needs”…Dr Georgiana Donadio.

Time is a major determining factor for both intrinsic or genetically programmed skin aging, environmental agents are the prime determinants of extrinsic aging. Skin aging being a complex physiological phenomena and its attendant psychosocial impact on the general population, has received an arsenal of demands for effective preventive skincare measures against anti-aging. Some of the best skincare anti-aging products, specifically skincare for wrinkles have been formulated to regress, postpone or repair some the deleterious effects of skin aging and inflammation.

Because of our individual genetic make-up, lifestyles, dietary preferences, age range and type of skin care, the photo-aging process will vary differently. Some of the best skincare anti aging strategies aimed at prevention and treatment of skin aging complexes, take inti consideration the unique skin type physiologic changes.

All layers of the skin undergo structural and functional changes due to the influence of programmed or intrinsic aging. The epidermis witnesses progressive decrease in its renewal rate with ageing. However, the early years have faster turnover of epidermal cells, averaging 28 days, unlike a turnover rate of between 40-60 days in the aged. This slower skin turnover rate results in epidermal thinning, loss of translucency, loss of the protective skin barrier, the elasticity becomes compromised with defective repair and cell exfoliation. Aged skin in chronological ageing also gives a rough scaly appearance with flattening of the dermal-epidermal junction.

Extrinsic ageing on the hand is the result effect of exposure to environmental factors like toxic fumes, ultraviolet rays, pollution, harsh weather, chemicals and destructive topical agents. When exposure to ultraviolet radiation is of short duration, it results in pigmentation, sunburn, proliferation of the epidermis and immunosuppression. On the hand, prolonged exposure to sun radiation is the main environmental cause of photoaging, and is responsible for most of the signs linked to aging like fine lines or wrinkles, loss of skin elasticity and tone, dryness, freckluneven pigmentation and vasodilatation.

1. Early Years Skin Care:

According to Dr Jennifer Linder of the Linder Dermatology and Skin Cancer Center, Scottdales, Arizona, ” Extrinsic factors can begin to damage the skin at a very young age, again depending on choices”. Because the outer layers of the skin are the most affected for those still in their 20s, Dr Linder stresses that “the outer layers are more affected due to dehydration from the use of overly aggressive topical products and unprotected UV exposure.

Thus effective skin care regimen for the early years must comprise of sufficient humectants and should not be excessively abrasive. An effective anti-aging skin care strategy would one that is simple and fundamental, to the needs of this age group who are either in high school or college. A proven skincare antiaging strategy should consist of the these preventative products; antioxidants, topical vitamins E and C, as recommended by Dr Linder.

2. Antiaging Skin care for Advanced Years:

Effective skincare against antiaging and loss of skin elasticity is a challenge in later years due to the combined influence of intrinsic and extrinsic parallel processes which accelerate the loss of structural integrity and the skin’s physiological function. Exogenous onslaught from agents like environmental toxins, infectious agents, ultraviolet radiation together with intrinsic aging accentuate the aging process and fast appearance of fine lines in the aged. Skin damage from UV exposure is cumulative and when combined with the effects of daily DNA alteration and hormonal changes, particularly in women, all hasten the early signs of aging.

The aged skin also suffers from decreased permeability, increased renewal time stratum corneum, loss in skin sensitivity after age 50, decreased sebum and sweat production. Maximum antiaging effects can result from combined use of topical compounds and one or more of other cosmetic procedures.

Unwanted fine lines around the glabella, peri-oral and periorbital regions can be diminished or eliminated by temporary paralysis of the facial muscles around these regions. Skin resurfacing techniques in the advanced years dermabrasion, chemical peels and laser resurfacing improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, skin texture, dyspigmentation and skin tone. Though cosmetic surgery possesses the highest associated risk related to procedure, it produces the greatest result in fine lines and skin laxity.

However, the best cost effective antiaging skincare is to address skin aging before cosmetic surgery becomes an option in later years. The current trend in aging prevention and skin aging treatment advocates daily sun protection and use topical agents like retinoid, moisturizers, kinetin, and regular-interval treatments with feelers, butolinum toxin, and laser-based therapy.

Early commencement of less invasive skin care treatement can help preserve youthful skin appearance, thus reducing the need for surgery.The key is implementing skin protection and antiaging treatment modalities as early as possible throughout life to mitigate the effects of intrinsic and extrinsic skin aging.


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