teen acne treatment

Acne is common among teenagers (also known as pimples, zits, and blemishes). Acne is very common, impacting roughly 8 out of 10 teenagers, according to KidsHealth.

But, exactly, what is teen acne? What’s more, why does it happen in the first place?

Acne affects almost every adolescent. It occurs when sebum, an oily material, blocks pores.

Face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders are the most common areas where pimples appear. Acne isn’t a serious health danger, but severe acne can leave scars that last a lifetime. Acne can also have a negative impact on one’s self-esteem.

“Acne on the face, back, and chest is a common symptom of adolescent acne. Whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, pustules, and cysts are all terms used to describe whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, pustules, and cysts “Elise I. Brantley, MD, a board-certified dermatologist at Oklahoma City’s Skin Cancer Center, agrees.

However, in order to comprehend why teen acne occurs, you must first comprehend how the skin functions. Sebaceous glands (also known as oil glands) produce sebum, a natural moisturizer for your skin, according to Dr. Brantley.

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1. Choose Non-oily hair products that may come into contact with your face.

“Be careful while using hair products,” Brantley advises. She warns that products that come into contact with your face can clog your pores even more and make your acne worse. Hair-care products that add oil to your hair should be avoided, according to KidsHealth.
It’s also beneficial to keep hair off your face and forehead, as well as to wash your hair on a daily basis. If you’ve started shaving, be careful not to nick pimples. According to John Hopkins All Children’s Hospital, an electric razor may be more effective than a razor blade when treating acne.

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2. Use Non-Prescription Topical Treatments

Topical therapies that are available without a prescription (“over the counter”): “Topical” refers to the fact that these items are applied to the skin. These aren’t pills. Acetic acid, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and sulfur are among them. Gels, lotions, creams, soaps, and pads are just a few of the therapies offered. These products are moderately helpful in treating acne when taken on a regular basis. The skin may take 4-8 weeks to improve.

Adapalene, antibiotics, azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide, dapsone, tazarotene, and tretinoin are examples of prescription topical therapies.

Prescription oral medicine treatments: In addition to topical medication, doctors frequently prescribe oral antibiotics (pills) to those with moderate to severe acne. Oral antibiotics are supposed to help manage acne by reducing inflammation by inhibiting the growth of bacteria.

They’re normally taken once a day for four to six months, then tapered and stopped as the acne clears up. Isotretinoin (Absorica, Amnesteem, Claravis, Myorisan, and Zenatane), the most potent oral medicine, is normally taken once or twice a day for 16 to 20 weeks. It is thought to shrink the oil glands, resulting in decreased oil production and the prevention of clogged pores. The growth of acne-causing bacteria is slowed as a result. Women of childbearing age must not be pregnant or attempt to become pregnant while taking isotretinoin due to the risk of birth abnormalities.

3. Look After Your Skin Everyday

Even if acne isn’t caused by not washing your face, the excess oil and grime that accumulates throughout the day won’t help. Sweat irritates your skin and exacerbates acne. That is why it is critical to follow a decent skin care program.

It merely takes a few minutes per day and doesn’t necessitate the purchase of a lot of expensive items. All you need is a simple face soap or cleanser and, if your skin is dry, a moisturizer

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4. Use a gentle cleanser and warm water.

To avoid over-drying the skin, use a gentle cleanser like Cetaphil, Cerave, or Dove. According to Dr. Brantley, this is especially critical if you’re utilizing prescription lotions from your doctor. According to the AAD, instead of using a washcloth, use your fingertips to gently wash your face.

Just remember not to overdo it: once in the morning and once at night is plenty. A dirty face does not cause teen acne. In fact, the AAD warns that cleaning your face too much can aggravate acne.

The water’s temperature is also crucial. Surprisingly, the NHS advises washing and rinsing the face with warm water rather than cold or hot water, which can aggravate acne.

5. Use oil-free, noncomedogenic moisturizers on a daily basis.

“Especially if you’re using drying prescription treatments from your doctor,” Brantley suggests, “a gentle daily moisturizing lotion or cream can be good.” “However, avoid using greasy or thick ointments. These can block pores even more and exacerbate acne, according to her.

The American Academy of Dermatology recommends using an oil-free, noncomedogenic moisturizer, which means it won’t cause comedones, or clogged pores. After applying acne medicine to your face, use a moisturizer.

Summary

There are many misconceptions about acne’s causes and treatment. The truth is that if you have acne, you can get relief. You can find an over-the-counter or prescription medication that works for you by working with your primary health care practitioner or dermatologist.

It’s also crucial to avoid over-the-counter medicines and stick to a straightforward skin-care program. Whatever treatment you choose, you must stick with it long enough for it to be effective.

You can anticipate to obtain new pimples throughout acne treatment, as much as you don’t want to hear it. They won’t all stop at once, but they will gradually fade away.

Advice

Acne can take a toll on your self-esteem, even if you don’t want to confess it to others. It can make you feel uneasy, furious, and sad. This is a typical reaction. 8

When you begin treatment and observe positive outcomes, you will feel much better. Focusing on something other than your skin has the same effect. Distract yourself while you wait for results by engaging in sports, music, art, or other hobbies.